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Bulletin: 402/2005
The World Dairy Situation 2005 in E-FormThe World Market for Cheese 1995-2004, Sixth Edition - E-Form

This report is intended to provide the reader with an overview of the latest trends and structural changes in total world cheese production, trade and consumption.

It is based mainly on a questionnaire, prepared by the Danish Dairy Board, and sent to IDF member countries. Replies were received from 30 countries representing approximately 80 per cent of total world cheese production from cow’s milk. The information given in the questionnaire has been supplemented by the usual statistical sources, such as FAO, OECD, ZMP, etc. A supplement includes the market description in these countries.

This report is an update of Bulletin 359/2001

73 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 401/2005
Energy use in Dairy Processing - E-Form

Review of several aspects of minimizing energy use and the environmental effects of energy use in dairy processing.

World Standard Energy Practice and Best Available Technology in the context of dairy processing, energy sources and production for both heating and cooling, combined heat and power systems, heat recovery systems, savings in energy and cost for heating and refrigeration, monitoring and targeting energy usage, meters and measuring points, data collection and use, energy conservation, achieving Kyoto targets, environmental effects and emissions, effects on human health.

71 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 400/2005
Membrane technologies for the fractionation of dairy components - E-Form

Overview of promising applications of membrane processing of milk, whey etc: micro?ltration for separating somatic cells, milkfat globules, bacteria and micellar casein, and combined membrane processes for preparing milk proteins or peptides of nutritional or nutraceutical interest, such as beta-lactoglobulin and beta-casein bioactive peptides.
26 references.

This is the ?rst paper presented at the IDF World Dairy Summit and Centenary Conference (Bruges, 2003) on Advances in Fractionation and Separation: Processes for Novel Dairy Applications. The other papers were published in Bulletin of IDF No 389/2004.

9 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 399/2005
The World Dairy Situation 2005 in E-Form

Results of annual survey presented by the Chair of the Standing Committee «Dairy Policies and Economics» at the IDF World Dairy Summit, Vancouver, September 2005. The 2005 edition of the World Dairy Situation report includes the customary collation of figures and comments from IDF National Committees and other sources. Data are also available from countries which are not IDF members. Contributions from the ZMP which, on behalf of IDF, has continued its networking with other institutions working on the economy of the world dairy sector, have significantly added to the publication. Milk production, industrial milk processing, trade in dairy products, development of demand and consumption and prices for 2004 are presented, along with some dairy product information and forecasts for 2005. Country reports provided by experts from member states, describing developments and sometimes subjective prognosis, are presented. The WDS Forum section comprises three papers: OECD review of the potential effects of liberalization of world dairy trade; Comparison of the world dairy trade projections produced by various authoritative bodies; effects of accession to the EU of the dairy sector of the new member states.

86pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 398/2005
Guide on Life Cycle Assessment towards Sustainability in the Dairy Chain in E-Form

Life cycle analysis is a method of environmental analysis that assesses the impact a product has on the environment through-out its entire life cycle. This Guide, prepared jointly by IDF and the United Nations Environment Programme, introduces and de-?nes the concepts involved in life cycle analysis and life cycle as-sessment in the dairy context and their relevance to sustainable development. It describes a methodology for life cycle assess-ment applied to the dairy chain and illustrates it with the results of LCA on packaging systems, on dairy farming systems and on milk products. It presents the environmental impacts of energy consumption and the effect of the Kyoto Agreement on the dairy industry, together with a series of case studies of the use of LCA in the dairy in Australia, France, North America and Scandinavia and reports on discussion the future of LCA as a tool to promote sustainability in the dairy industry.

57 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 397/2005
The Codex General Standard for the Use of Dairy Terms - Its nature, intent and implications

Nutritional value, functional properties and sensory characteristics of dairy products contribute to the good market position they enjoy. But cheaper imitations can also be lucrative and it is important that the consumer is not misled by misuse of dairy names. The objective of the Codex General Standard on the Use of Dairy Terms is to deter-mine where, when and how dairy terms may be used and where they may not. This issue of the Bulletin of IDF provides information on the nature, intent and possible implications of the GSUDT in the context of national, regional and international trade, including its status in relation to the WTO Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement (TBT).

The principles of the application of dairy terms are discussed, with examples, in relation to milk products, composite milk products and other foods. Their application to milk products with modi?ed com-position (for example, fat reduced, protein enriched, etc) is also cov-ered, with examples. The text of the Codex GSUDT is included as an appendix. Throughout the text reference is also made to the relevant provisions of the Codex General Standard for Labelling Prepackaged Foods (GSLPF).

This report is intended for legislators working on labelling matters in the national context, the regional context and the international context as well as for legal specialists in food companies and in trade associations concerned with these issues.

18 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 396/2005
Evaluating Milking Performance

Overview of commonly-encountered problems in machine milking of cows and guidelines for methods for evaluating the milking in-stallation, its operation and the interaction between equipment, cow and operator based on recent experience of dairy advisers, udder health specialists and milking machine technicians. Suggests meas-urements to quantify aspects of milking performance with a view to recommendations concerning the milking process and determining whether measures introduced have had an effect (102 references)

23 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 395/2005
Method Standardization In The Third Millennium

Proceedings of symposium held in IDF/ISO/AOAC International Analytical Week, Parma (Italy), 21 April 2004

Demands by users of methods of analysis, and by users of the results, for precision and reliability are greater year by year. The analytical community is constantly considering how to improve performance and how to communicate the improvements. The papers at this symposium presented the latest thinking in the organizations responsible for standardizing methods, alternatives to standard methods, routine methods for of?cial purposes, analytical methods in product quality management and process risk analysis, harmonization of precision in microbiological methods, taking advantage of advances in analytical methodology.

Index: analysis of dairy products, antibiotics testing, autocontrol, criteria approach, interlaboratory studies, laboratory practice, of-?cial control, quality management, reliability of analytical results, risk analysis, routine methods, somatic cell count, standardization of methods, statistics of analytical results

59 pages, in English only.

Bulletin: 394/2005
Economic Consequences Of Mastitis

Control of mastitis is undertaken to improve animal welfare and economic performance. However, calculating the cost of mastitis and its control as well as the bene?t of control is complex. A number of factors is involved and it is dif?cult to make reliable estimates of the cost effect of some of these factors. This report presents an approach to these problems and considers the limitations of the solutions available with calculated examples and comment on these calculations.
23 references.

25 pages, in English only.

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