BULLETINS - 2005 ARCHIVE
The World Dairy Situation 2005 in E-FormThe World Market for
Cheese 1995-2004, Sixth Edition - E-Form
This report is intended to provide the reader with an overview
of the latest trends and structural changes in total world
cheese production, trade and consumption.
It is based mainly on a questionnaire, prepared by the Danish
Dairy Board, and sent to IDF member countries. Replies were
received from 30 countries representing approximately 80 per
cent of total world cheese production from cow’s milk.
The information given in the questionnaire has been supplemented
by the usual statistical sources, such as FAO, OECD, ZMP,
etc. A supplement includes the market description in these
This report is an update of Bulletin 359/2001
73 pages, in English only.
Energy use in Dairy Processing - E-Form
Review of several aspects of minimizing energy use and the
environmental effects of energy use in dairy processing.
World Standard Energy Practice and Best Available Technology
in the context of dairy processing, energy sources and production
for both heating and cooling, combined heat and power systems,
heat recovery systems, savings in energy and cost for heating
and refrigeration, monitoring and targeting energy usage,
meters and measuring points, data collection and use, energy
conservation, achieving Kyoto targets, environmental effects
and emissions, effects on human health.
71 pages, in English only.
Membrane technologies for the fractionation of dairy components
Overview of promising applications of membrane processing
of milk, whey etc: micro?ltration for separating somatic cells,
milkfat globules, bacteria and micellar casein, and combined
membrane processes for preparing milk proteins or peptides
of nutritional or nutraceutical interest, such as beta-lactoglobulin
and beta-casein bioactive peptides.
This is the ?rst paper presented at the IDF World Dairy Summit
and Centenary Conference (Bruges, 2003) on Advances in Fractionation
and Separation: Processes for Novel Dairy Applications. The
other papers were published in Bulletin of IDF No 389/2004.
9 pages, in English only.
The World Dairy Situation 2005 in E-Form
Results of annual survey presented by the Chair of the Standing
Committee «Dairy Policies and Economics» at the
IDF World Dairy Summit, Vancouver, September 2005. The 2005
edition of the World Dairy Situation report includes the customary
collation of figures and comments from IDF National Committees
and other sources. Data are also available from countries
which are not IDF members. Contributions from the ZMP which,
on behalf of IDF, has continued its networking with other
institutions working on the economy of the world dairy sector,
have significantly added to the publication. Milk production,
industrial milk processing, trade in dairy products, development
of demand and consumption and prices for 2004 are presented,
along with some dairy product information and forecasts for
2005. Country reports provided by experts from member states,
describing developments and sometimes subjective prognosis,
are presented. The WDS Forum section comprises three papers:
OECD review of the potential effects of liberalization of
world dairy trade; Comparison of the world dairy trade projections
produced by various authoritative bodies; effects of accession
to the EU of the dairy sector of the new member states.
86pages, in English only.
Guide on Life Cycle Assessment towards Sustainability in the
Dairy Chain in E-Form
Life cycle analysis is a method of environmental analysis
that assesses the impact a product has on the environment
through-out its entire life cycle. This Guide, prepared jointly
by IDF and the United Nations Environment Programme, introduces
and de-?nes the concepts involved in life cycle analysis and
life cycle as-sessment in the dairy context and their relevance
to sustainable development. It describes a methodology for
life cycle assess-ment applied to the dairy chain and illustrates
it with the results of LCA on packaging systems, on dairy
farming systems and on milk products. It presents the environmental
impacts of energy consumption and the effect of the Kyoto
Agreement on the dairy industry, together with a series of
case studies of the use of LCA in the dairy in Australia,
France, North America and Scandinavia and reports on discussion
the future of LCA as a tool to promote sustainability in the
57 pages, in English only.
The Codex General Standard for the Use of Dairy Terms - Its
nature, intent and implications
Nutritional value, functional properties and sensory characteristics
of dairy products contribute to the good market position they
enjoy. But cheaper imitations can also be lucrative and it
is important that the consumer is not misled by misuse of
dairy names. The objective of the Codex General Standard on
the Use of Dairy Terms is to deter-mine where, when and how
dairy terms may be used and where they may not. This issue
of the Bulletin of IDF provides information on the nature,
intent and possible implications of the GSUDT in the context
of national, regional and international trade, including its
status in relation to the WTO Technical Barriers to Trade
The principles of the application of dairy terms are discussed,
with examples, in relation to milk products, composite milk
products and other foods. Their application to milk products
with modi?ed com-position (for example, fat reduced, protein
enriched, etc) is also cov-ered, with examples. The text of
the Codex GSUDT is included as an appendix. Throughout the
text reference is also made to the relevant provisions of
the Codex General Standard for Labelling Prepackaged Foods
This report is intended for legislators working on labelling
matters in the national context, the regional context and
the international context as well as for legal specialists
in food companies and in trade associations concerned with
18 pages, in English only.
Evaluating Milking Performance
Overview of commonly-encountered problems in machine milking
of cows and guidelines for methods for evaluating the milking
in-stallation, its operation and the interaction between equipment,
cow and operator based on recent experience of dairy advisers,
udder health specialists and milking machine technicians.
Suggests meas-urements to quantify aspects of milking performance
with a view to recommendations concerning the milking process
and determining whether measures introduced have had an effect
23 pages, in English only.
Method Standardization In The Third Millennium
Proceedings of symposium held in IDF/ISO/AOAC International
Analytical Week, Parma (Italy), 21 April 2004
Demands by users of methods of analysis, and by users of
the results, for precision and reliability are greater year
by year. The analytical community is constantly considering
how to improve performance and how to communicate the improvements.
The papers at this symposium presented the latest thinking
in the organizations responsible for standardizing methods,
alternatives to standard methods, routine methods for of?cial
purposes, analytical methods in product quality management
and process risk analysis, harmonization of precision in microbiological
methods, taking advantage of advances in analytical methodology.
Index: analysis of dairy products, antibiotics testing, autocontrol,
criteria approach, interlaboratory studies, laboratory practice,
of-?cial control, quality management, reliability of analytical
results, risk analysis, routine methods, somatic cell count,
standardization of methods, statistics of analytical results
59 pages, in English only.
Economic Consequences Of Mastitis
Control of mastitis is undertaken to improve animal welfare
and economic performance. However, calculating the cost
of mastitis and its control as well as the bene?t of control
is complex. A number of factors is involved and it is dif?cult
to make reliable estimates of the cost effect of some of
these factors. This report presents an approach to these
problems and considers the limitations of the solutions
available with calculated examples and comment on these
25 pages, in English only.
| 2005 | 2004